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IEEE referencing guide (EN): Books

IEEE referencing


  Only the author's initials are included regardless of the presentation of the author's name in the source document.

 The names of all authors should be given in the references unless the number of authors is greater than six.

  If there are more than six authors, you may use et al. after the name of the first author.

  Capitalisation practice should be consistent.

  Every (important) word in the title of a work must be capitalised.

  Only the first word of a subtitle should be capitalised.

  Capitalise the "v" in Volume for a book title.

  Information about places of publication should folllow the guidelines for place names.


Standard format for citation

Authored work:

[#] A. A. Author, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).


Edited work:

[#] A. A. Editor, Title: Subtitle (in italics), Edition(if not the first), Vol.(if a multivolume work). Place of publication: Publisher, Year, page number(s) (if appropriate).


Single author or editor

[1] W.-K. Chen, Linear Networks and Systems. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1993, pp. 123-135.

[2] S. M. Hemmington, Soft Science. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan Press, 1997.

[3] D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

Two or three authors or editors

[4] T. Jordan and P. A. Taylor, Hacktivism and Cyberwars: Rebels with a cause? London: Routledge, 2004.

[5] U. J. Gelinas, Jr., S. G. Sutton, and J. Fedorowicz, Business Processes and Information Technology. Cincinnati: South-Western/Thomson Learning, 2004.

More than three authors

[6] R. Hayes, G. Pisano, D. Upton, and S. Wheelwright, Operations, Strategy, and Technology: Pursuing the competitive edge. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.

Later edition

[7] K. Schwalbe, Information Technology Project Management, 3rd ed. Boston: Course Technology, 2004.

[8] M. N. DeMers, Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, 3rd ed. New York: John Wiley, 2005.

No author

[9] The Oxford Dictionary of Computing, 5th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Multivolume work

[10] J. Voogt and G. Knezek, Eds., International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education, 9th ed., 2 Vols. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger, 1993.


[11] M. Bell, et al., Universities Online: A survey of online education and services in Australia, Occasional Paper Series 02-A. Canberra: Department of Education, Science and Training, 2002.


[12] World Bank, Information and Communication Technologies: A World Bank group strategy. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2002.

Government publications

[13] Australian Government Information Management Office, Meeting the Demand for ICT Skills in the Australian Public ServiceReport of the ICT Professional and Skills Development Taskforce. Canberra: AGIMO, 2007.

[14] Australia. Attorney-Generals Department., Digital Agenda Review, 4 Vols. Canberra: Attorney- General's Department, 2003.

Please Note: Documents authored by government departments are cited following the jurisdiction they report to. Precede the department name with Australia., Western Australia., etc.  

Scientific / Technical report

[15] K. E. Elliott and C.M. Greene, "A local adaptive protocol," Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, France, Tech. Rep. 916-1010-BB, 1997.

Patent / Standard

[16] K. Kimura and A. Lipeles, "Fuzzy controller component," U. S. Patent 14,860,040, December 14, 1996.


[17] "Catalog No. MWM-1, Microwave components," M. W. Microwave Corp., Brooklyn, NY.

Application notes

[18] Hewlett-Packard, "Appl. note 935," pp. 25-29.